Sauna equipment, which is what the sauna room consists of
In the case of the Finns, the answer is easy: it is a small wooden hut with a high plank bed and a stove, all located near the lake or the sea bay. The hot air inside the hut allows you to warm up, while the body’s cooling is achieved in the cold, fresh air (through the lungs) and in cold water.
Village stoves are usually fired with wood, and the smoke comes out either through the chimney or goes freely around the room, finding its way out through the gaps in the walls or through the open door (smoke saunas).
In general, wooden huts are built from logs with a thickness of 15 to 20 cm; if it is made of boards, it is covered with a thin insulating layer. In the past, the bathing hut consisted of only one room with hot air, but now there is usually a separate room for washing and a cabin to undress and rest after bathing. It is still preferable to cool the body outside the hut, where people sit on benches placed in the open air in front of the sauna, immerse themselves in the water of the lake or the sea, or strike with snow.
Sauna equipment consists of several rooms and a terrace (balcony, part of the garden or yard) in the open air. In addition to the hot room, the room to sweat, you also need a room to undress and a room with water. In saunas for small families, the room is equipped with a shower with hot water for washing and cold water facilities (rubber hose and showers). In family saunas, immersion pools are rather rare, but they are usually equipped with shallow (10 cm water) pads for foot heating, enough for all those using the sauna. If necessary, it is also possible to sit seated during the cooling phase.
In public saunas, places for initial washing and cooling are separated, and hot water showers are placed in a special pre-washing room (where it is always very warm and it is carefully ventilated). It is complemented by a room to relax and usually also a massage room. The organizational chart (Figure 1) shows the proportions of the size and location of the rooms. Entrance hall: cash desk and office, bar. Preparatory rooms: undressing room, toilet, preliminary washing. Functional part of the sauna: rooms for cooling (with cold water), massage room, rest room, sauna, outdoor bath room .Salt Cave.
Many already installed larger public saunas have two separate branches: for a shared bath of women or men and common for couples. In the case of only one branch, bathing hours are set, separately for ladies and for men, and for mixed couples.
A well-organized “mixed” sauna, which also meets the aesthetic requirements, has separate rooms for undressing and washing, and separate toilets, while other functional devices are used together.