Factors of asthma development
Factors that may be responsible for the occurrence of an asthma attack are varied. To be able to avoid contact with them, you need to set them individually for each patient.
In many cases, the reason for asthma is sensitization. The body then does not tolerate contact with objectively neutral and, as a rule, harmless substance. It evokes a defensive reaction of an allergic organism. We call this substance an allergen. The reaction to inhalation of the allergen is a strong irritation of the mucous membrane and an attack of asthma. Dyspnoea does not have to occur immediately. It happens that it appears only after a few hours after contact with the allergen.
The most common allergens are animal dander, feathers, tree pollen, grass pollen and herbs, house dust mites, dust itself as such, mold and flour. Allergens do not have to enter the body only by inhalation. Some foods are also allergens, such as cow’s milk, eggs, nuts, apples, fish. They can also cause an asthma attack.
In asthma, which is unrelated to the state of sensitization of the body, it often leads to physical activity or low temperature air to breathlessness. Irritating agents also include adhesives, chemicals, ozone, tobacco smoke or cat fur.
Some medications may be responsible for the onset of a shortness of breath.
Inflammatory bronchitis (bacterial or viral) can increase the sensitivity of the bronchi for a longer time.